Ensuring integrity in your classroom is probably best approached as a two-part assignment.
The first part involves educating the students about your expectations for the integrity of their work in that class (see this Promote academic integrity section).
The second part of ensuring integrity in the classroom involves actively preventing academic misconduct and confronting situations where you believe academic misconduct might have occurred.
Below are tips that you might find helpful in creating and maintaining an environment of integrity in your classroom.
Preparing the exam
- Do not reuse tests (either from previous semesters or from a prior exam period for a different section in the same semester). Students collect old exams, including exams recreated from memory when instructors retain testing materials.
- Reusing testing materials undermines the assessment value of the exam. It promotes cheating, but it also fosters differential outcomes because some students may have access to old tests through student connections while others will not.
- Many professors make old tests available to all students as study aids to combat these effects.
- Have two or three versions (or formats) of an examination, possibly mixing up or modifying similar items on the test.
- Administer more than one version of the exam, even if it means that the exam pages are just in a different order. Use different versions of the exam if you allow students to take exams early or late.
- Do not recycle tests from semester to semester, especially if you have handed back the answer sheet or a paper copy of the test.
- Use some essay questions (that are difficult to copy).
- Slightly vary the order of questions or make slight changes in a few key variables.
Effective practices for face-to-face exams, by the Center for Excellence in Learning and Teaching (CELT) at Iowa State University, is licensed under Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 4.0. This work, Effective practices for face-to-face exams, is a derivative of Promoting Academic Integrity developed by the Office of Student Conduct at North Carolina State University (retrieved on February 12, 2021) from https://studentconduct.dasa.ncsu.edu/faculty/promoting-academic-integrity/, the Academic integrity handbook for faculty and other instructional personnel (PDF) from Academic Affairs at Oklahoma State University retrieved on February 12, 2021) from https://academicaffairs.okstate.edu/site-files/documents/ai-handbook-faculty-personnel.pdf, and Prevention from Academic Honesty Prevention at University of Rochester https://www.rochester.edu/college/honesty/instructors/prevention.html